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Frequently asked questions
1. What's so special about 2005?
2. What are the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)?
They're 8 international targets on reducing global
poverty. They were set at a meeting in 1999 when it was realised
that the existing poverty reduction targets to be achieved by 2000
would not be met. Thus governments set new goals to be achieved
by 2015. Achieving these goals would lift at least 500 million people
out of poverty.
The goals are:
a) Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger:
reduce by half the number of people living on less than $1 (60p)
a day and those who suffer from hunger.
b) Achieve universal primary education.
c) Promote gender equality and empower women:
end gender disparity at all levels by 2015.
d) Reduce child mortality by two thirds for
children under five.
e) Improve maternal health:
reducing by three quarters the maternal mortality ratio.
f) Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases:
halt and begin to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS, malaria and other
g) Ensure environmental sustainability, including:
- integrating environmental sustainability into developing
country policies and programmes;
- reversing the loss of environmental resources;
- reducing by half the people without access to clean drinking water;
- achieve significant improvement in the lives of 100 million slum
dwellers (by 2020).
h) Develop a global partnership for development,
- an open trading and financial system that is rule based and includes
a commitment to good governance, development and poverty reduction;
- addressing least developed countries’ special needs including
tariff and quota-free access for exports;
- enhanced debt relief and cancellation of bilateral debt;
- national and international measures to make debt sustainable;
- more generous development assistance for countries committed to
- working with pharmaceutical companies to provide access to affordable
essential drugs in developing countries;
- make available the benefits of new technologies in cooperation
with the private sector.